Blog

Birth Anniversary of APJ Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931)

Birth Anniversary of APJ Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931)

15th Oct, 2018 by gopystar General

    

* Born on 15th October 1931 in Rameswaram,Tamil Nadu, Kalam graduated in science from St. Joseph's College, Trichy in 1954 and specialised in Aeronautical Engineering from Madras Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1957.

* Kalam presided over the development of India’s first satellite launch vehicle, SLV III, which was used for launching the Rohini satellite into the Earth’s orbit. This feat marked India's entry into the Space club.

* After working for two decades in ISRO, Kalam took up the responsibility of developing indigenous guided missiles at Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

* He was responsible for the development and operationalisation of Agni and Prithvi missiles, which made him popular as the 'Missile Man of India'.

* Kalam engineered the Pokhran-II nuclear tests which catapulted India into the club of Nuclear Powers, which were till then only exclusive to five countries—USA, China, UK, France and Russia. The 2018 movie "Parmanu: The Story of Pokhran featuring John Abraham was inspired by Kalam.

* He received honorary doctorates from 48 universities and institutions from India and abroad.

* Kalam was awarded the coveted civilian awards - Padma Bhushan (1981), Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the highest civilian award of India- Bharat Ratna (1997). * Apart from physics and defence, Kalam also left his fingerprints on efforts to improve healthcare in rural India. Together with cardiologist Soma Raju, he developed a low-cost stent which was thereafter christened the Kalam-Raju stent.

* For seven years (1992-1999) Kalam remained the Chief Scientific Adviser to the PM and Secretary of the DRDO. * In 2002, he defeated Lakshmi Sahgal to become the 11th President of India. He has been immortalized in the country’s history as the ‘People’s President’.

* In 2002, he defeated Lakshmi Sahgal to become the 11th President of India. He has been immortalized in the country’s history as the ‘People’s President’.